Consequences of the Black Death
The years 1348 through 1350 were very crucial years in terms of world history. Within this short period, the world would forever change due to a disease known as the “Black Death”. The disease quickly spread in areas throughout Europe, resulting in millions of deaths. Though the disease affected England in previous times, its effects during these two years was horrifying. During this time in world history, two dominate religions were Christianity and Islam. Both religions had their own claims as to why to Black Death occurred. Despite their claims, it is evident now that the disease was caused in England due to the fleas that were carried and spread by rats. The consequences of the Black Death were extremely significant, affecting the economic, social, and political structure of Europe.
One of the most evident consequences of the Black Death is the economic changes that occurred as a result.
The most obvious change that occurred was a decrease in manufacturing because the disease killed many workers. In addition to killing millions of people, the Black Death killed the trade system as well. The merchants who did survive the Black Death feared the disease; so as a result, they did not travel, therefore killing the trade system. Moreover, the disease, which was prevalent in cities and towns, encouraged people to move to rural areas, far away from the disease. This resulted in a de-urbanization in Europe, which greatly affected the economy. People who decided to stay in the urban areas mostly spent their times at home, which greatly affected the demand and supply of the market, thus the economic system.
In addition to economic consequences were the social consequences that resulted from the Black Death.
One of the major changes due to the Black Death was the changes in social roles. Prior to the Black Death, the church carried most of the power in England. However, after the Black Death, the church’s power began to decline. As a result, other secular groups were, now taking the power and social roles that the church once had. Other social changes include the rebellions of the peasants during this time. Many peasants rebelled in countries such as Italy, France, and England.
The consequences of the Black Death are evident in terms of political changes.
To begin with, the clearest change is that the Black Death ended the feudal system that was in place during the time. In addition, the political structure greatly changed in terms of who was in power. While nobles and vassals ruled in political terms, the Black Death changed this structure. The deaths of the nobles and vassals opened a path for kings who could claim their own power. This change is evident when kings began to establish their own rule. It is especially evident when they came into power during times such as the Renaissance. The political structure was affected greatly due to the fear it generated amongst the ruling courts. Because of this fear, the people in power of such positions abandoned many of these ruling courts. In addition to political changes, wars were postponed due to the high number of deaths amongst the fighting soldiers.
Human history has been forever changed due to the Black Death.
The disease changed human lives during the two years it was dominant in England. Millions of lives were lost due to the disease. This great increase of deaths brought many changes during the time 1348 through 1350. Some of these changes included many consequences that are seen in the economic, social, and political structure of Europe.